Manipur Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Manipur (India)
Designed & Developed by Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Holarrhena pubescens Wall. ex G.Don

Family: Apocynaceae Genus: Holarrhena Species: Holarrhena pubescens Wall. ex G.Don






Synonym Holarrhena Codaga, Holarrhena Antidysenterica Flower Color White
Common Name Karva Indrajau,Kutaja, Bitter Oleander, Connessi Bark Flower Type Corymb
English / Trade Name Bitter Oleander, Ester Tree, Indrajao,Tellicherry Tree Flowering Period April-June
Vernacular /Local Name Khurchi Fruiting Period July-Sept
Altitude Up to 1300 m Fruit Type Follicle
Habit Tree Fruit Details Fruit of 2 terete elongated follicular mericarps connected at the tip and then free, 25 X 1 cm; seeds 8 mm, oblong, with tuft of silky brown hairs at the apex
Habitat Occurs in moist deciduous and dry deciduous forests, also in the plains Bark Type Rugged
Distribution Indo-Malesia Bark Details Bark rough, pale brown to 8 mm, exfoliates in small flakes
Distribution in manipur Eastern Origin Native
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Opposite (leaves in pairs along stem)
    Leaf Shape Ovate
Description of Species It is a deciduous shrub or a small tree, growing up to 3 ms high and short stem has pale bark and several branches Leaf Details Leaves are 10-20 cm long, leaf stalks are very short

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details

No Specimen Found