Manipur Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Manipur (India)
Designed & Developed by Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Ficus benghalensis L.

Family: Moraceae Genus: Ficus Species: Ficus benghalensis L.






Synonym Ficus indica Flower Color Yellow - Orange
Common Name Indian banyan Flower Type Raceme
English / Trade Name Banyan Tree, Bengal Fig And Indian Fig Flowering Period April-June
Vernacular /Local Name Khongnang Taru Fruiting Period July-Sept
Altitude Up to 1000 m Fruit Type Follicle
Habit Tree Fruit Details A globose-ellipsoid achene, dark brown
Habitat Occurs in monsoon and rain forests often planted throughout the forest tract of India Bark Type Smooth
Distribution India, Sri Lanka and Pakistan Bark Details Bark grayish brown, smooth, younger parts softly pubescent
Distribution in manipur Eastern Origin Native
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Elliptic
Description of Species Large spreading evergreen tree, epiphytic in early life with numerous aerial roots from the branches which thicken and ultimately become stilts, bark grayish brown, smooth, younger parts softly pubescent Leaf Details Leaves elliptic-ovate, 12-18 by 5-8 cm long, margin entire, obtuse at apex, rounded at base, coriaceous, glossy above, glabrescent of pubescent beneath, 5-7 veins, lateral veins 5-7 on either half of midvein, looped within the margin, prominent beneath

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details