Manipur Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Manipur (India)
Designed & Developed by Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Bauhinia variegata L.

Family: Caesalpiniaceae Genus: Bauhinia Species: Bauhinia variegata L.






Synonym Bauhinia chinensis, Bauhinia decora Flower Color Red - Pink
Common Name Orchid tree, Camel's foot, Mountain ebony Flower Type Raceme
English / Trade Name Napoleon's Hat, Paper Mulberry, Poor Man's Orchid, Bauhinia Flowering Period Jan-March
Vernacular /Local Name Chingthrao Angouba Fruiting Period Oct-Dec
Altitude Up to 1800 m Fruit Type Pod
Habit Tree Fruit Details Fruit dehiscent, strap-shaped, obliquely striate, 20-30 by 2-25 cm long, hard, flat with 10-15 seeds in each; seeds brown, flat
Habitat Occurs in hill slopes to sandy loam and loamy soil in the valley Bark Type Smooth
Distribution India, Myanmar, Nepal, China, Colombia, Pakistan, Thailand, Vietnam Bark Details The bark is light brownish grey, smooth to slightly fissured and scaly
Distribution in manipur Origin Native
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Ovate
Description of Species Small to medium-sized tree growing to 10–12 m tall, deciduous in the dry season Leaf Details Leaves have minute stipules 1-2 mm, early caducous; petiole puberulous to glabrous, 3-4 cm; lamina broadly ovate to circular, often broader than long, 6-16 cm dia; 11-13 nerved

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details