Manipur Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Manipur (India)
Designed & Developed by Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.) A.Gray

Family: Asteraceae Genus: Tithonia Species: Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.) A.Gray






Synonym Mirasolia Diversifolia Flower Color Yellow - Orange
Common Name Tree marigold, Mexican tournesol, Mexican sunflower, Japanese sunflower and Nitobe chrysanthemum Flower Type Solitary
English / Trade Name Giant Mexican Sunflower Flowering Period July-Sept
Vernacular /Local Name Lam Numitlei Fruiting Period Oct-Dec
Altitude Up to 1200 m Fruit Type Follicle
Habit Tree Fruit Details Fruit achene seeds many 4-8 mm long and topped with a ring (pappus) of scales and two awns (about 5 mm long)
Habitat Occurs in wastelands and plains to hills Bark Type Smooth
Distribution Native of South America And introduced in India, Burma, Malaysia, China, South Africa. Bark Details Bark is blue-grey, smooth
Distribution in manipur Eastern Origin Exotic
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Ovate
Description of Species It is 2–3 m (6.6–9.8 ft) in height with upright and sometimes ligneous stalks in the form of woody shrubs showy flowers are yellow to orange colored and 5–15 cms. wide and 10–30 cms. long Leaf Details Leaves 10 to 40 cm long, simply or mostly 3-7 lobed, somewhat glandular and slightly grayish beneath

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details