Manipur Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Manipur (India)
Designed & Developed by Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Areca catechu L.

Family: Arecaceae Genus: Areca Species: Areca catechu L.






Synonym Areca nigra Flower Color White
Common Name Betelnut palm, Areca nut, Areca quid Flower Type Panicle
English / Trade Name Areca palm, Areca nut palm, Betel palm, Indian nut, Pinang palm, betel palm, Indian nut and Pinang palm Flowering Period April-June
Vernacular /Local Name Kwa Fruiting Period July-Sept
Altitude Up to 1000 m Fruit Type Nut
Habit Tree Fruit Details Fibrous ovoid fruits yellow to orange or red when ripe contain the betel nut
Habitat Occurs in forest gaps and edgesit is capable of invading undisturbed forest Bark Type Smooth
Distribution India,China, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia and New Guinea Bark Details Bark ash-colored and marked with parallel rings
Distribution in manipur Origin Native
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Opposite (leaves in pairs along stem)
    Leaf Shape Pinnate
Description of Species It is a medium-sized tree growing to 20 m tall with a trunk 20-30 cm in diameter Leaf Details The leaves are 1.5-2 m long, pinnate with numerous crowded leaflets

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details

No Specimen Found