Manipur Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Manipur (India)
Designed & Developed by Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Xylosma longifolia Clos

Family: Flacourtiaceae Genus: Xylosma Species: Xylosma longifolia Clos






Synonym Xylosma congesta var. kwangtungensis, Xylosma racemosa var. kwangtungensis Flower Color Greenish
Common Name Dandal, Katari, Kandhara, Katpatra, Sialu, Pansra Flower Type Raceme
English / Trade Name Dandal Flowering Period April-June
Vernacular /Local Name Nongleisang Fruiting Period July-Sept
Altitude Up to 900 m Fruit Type Berry
Habit Tree Fruit Details Fruit globose, 3-4 mm in diameter black seeds 2 mm long, oblong to obovoid
Habitat Evergreen forests Bark Type Smooth
Distribution Southern Western Ghats Bark Details Bark is gray-brown with spiny hairless branchlets
Distribution in manipur Eastern Origin Native
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Ovate
Description of Species It is a tall shrub or a small tree, evergreen, 4-7 m tall. Bark is gray-brown, with spiny, hairless branchlets Leaf Details Leaves 5-12 cm long glabrous, elliptic, oblong to lanceolate; margin serrate; apex acute to shortly acuminate; short petioled

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details