Manipur Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Manipur (India)
Designed & Developed by Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Piper betle L.

Family: Piperaceae Genus: Piper Species: Piper betle L.






Synonym Artanthe hexagyna Miq., Betela mastica Raf.
Flower Color Greenish
Common Name Pan, Nagvel, Nagarvel, Betel Leaf Flower Type Panicle
English / Trade Name Betel, Betel pepper, Betel-vine Flowering Period July-Sept
Vernacular /Local Name Panamana Fruiting Period Jan-March
Altitude Up to 900 m Fruit Type Berry
Habit Climber Fruit Details Fruit very fleshy and often confluent into a cylindric fleshy red mass stout 1-5 in. pendulous
Habitat Occurs in damp and humid forests Bark Type Smooth
Distribution India Bangladesh, Myanmar, Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam and Sri Lanka Bark Details Quite glabrous or with the petioles puberulous stem
Distribution in manipur Eastern Origin Native
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Ovate
Description of Species The betel leaf plant is a branching vine, that may climb as high as 10-15 ft although it often grows as an understory ground cover Leaf Details Large coriaceous petioled obliquely ovate-oblong or rounded ovate-cordate 5-7 nerved, base often unequal

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details

No Specimen Found