Manipur Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Manipur (India)
Designed & Developed by Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species:  Garcinia xanthochymus Hook.f.ex T. Anderson

Family: Clusiaceae Genus: Garcinia Species:  Garcinia xanthochymus Hook.f.ex T. Anderson






Synonym Garcinia pictoria, Xanthochymus pictorius Flower Color White
Common Name Garcinia Flower Type Solitary
English / Trade Name Mysore Gamboge Flowering Period Jan-March
Vernacular /Local Name Heibung Fruiting Period April-June
Altitude Up to 1400 m Fruit Type Berry
Habit Tree Fruit Details Fruit a berry, subglobose, up to 6.5 cm across, dark yellow with abundant yellow gum. Seeds 1-4, oblong, up to 3.5x1.8 cm, brown
Habitat Occurs in evergreen, semi-evergreen, moist deciduous and in the lower hill forests Bark Type Exfoliating
Distribution India, Bangladesh, China, Malaya Peninsula, Myanmar and Thailand Bark Details Bark blackish or dark grey, exfoliating in small round flakes
Distribution in manipur Eastern Origin Native
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Opposite (leaves in pairs along stem)
    Leaf Shape Oblong
Description of Species It is a small evergreen tree reaching up to 15 m in height, with a short, straight trunk, more or less horizontal branches and a dense, pyramidal crown Leaf Details Leaves linear - oblong or oblong - lanceolate, 12-45x4-12 cm, cuneate at base, acute to acuminate at apex, coriaceous, dark green, shiny; lateral veins 15-20 pairs, distinct, subparallel; petioles 1-2.5 cm long, stout. Stipules fleshy, adnate, intrapetiolar.

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details