Manipur Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Manipur (India)
Designed & Developed by Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species:  Bixa orellana L.

Family: Bixaceae Genus: Bixa Species:  Bixa orellana L.






Synonym Bixa acuminata, Bixa americana Flower Color White
Common Name Annatto, Arnatto, Latkan, Lipstick Tree Flower Type Raceme
English / Trade Name Butter-seed tree Flowering Period Oct-Dec
Vernacular /Local Name Ureirom Fruiting Period Jan-March
Altitude Up to 2000 m Fruit Type Capsule
Habit Shrub Fruit Details Fruit is 2-valved, ovoid, red, spiny, 2.5-5 cm long; seeds many, ovate, with a scarlet covering
Habitat Occurs in open forests Bark Type Smooth
Distribution Native to Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana exotic to India, Indonesia, Jamaica, Kenya, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Spain Bark Details Bark light to dark brown, tough, smooth, sometimes fissured
Distribution in manipur Origin Exotic
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Cordate
Description of Species It is an evergreen shrub or small tree, 2-8 m high; trunk up to10 cm in diameter; bark light to dark brown, tough, smooth, sometimes fissured, lenticellate Leaf Details Annato has large 5-15 cm long, 4-11 cm wide, pointed leaves

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details

No Specimen Found