Manipur Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Manipur (India)
Designed & Developed by Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Gamelina arborea Roxb.

Family: Verbenaceae Genus: Gmelina Species: Gamelina arborea Roxb.






Synonym Premna arborea, Gmelina rheedii Flower Color Brownish
Common Name Gamhar, Kumhar Flower Type Cyme
English / Trade Name White Kashmir Teak, Cashmere Tree, Gamari Flowering Period Jan-March
Vernacular /Local Name Wang Fruiting Period April-June
Altitude Up to 900 m Fruit Type Drupe
Habit Tree Fruit Details Fruit 7-1 in. pericarp leathery, shining, yellow outside when ripe
Habitat Occurs in deciduous and semi-evergreen forests Bark Type Smooth
Distribution India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China,Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam. Bark Details Grey or greish-brown scurfy flakes smooth/exfoliating
Distribution in manipur Eastern Origin Native
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Opposite (leaves in pairs along stem)
    Leaf Shape Ovate
Description of Species Tree attains moderate to large height up to 30 m with girth of 1.2 to 4 a chlorophyll layer just under the outer bark, pale yellow white inside Leaf Details Lamina 7.5-25 X 6-20 cm, broadly ovate or ovate, base cordate truncate or rounded, apex acute

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details