Manipur Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Manipur (India)
Designed & Developed by Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub.

Family: Papilionaceae Genus: Butea Species: Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub.






Synonym Butea frondosa, Erythrina monosperma Flower Color Red - Pink
Common Name Palash, Dhak, Tesu Flower Type Panicle
English / Trade Name Flame of the forest, Bengal Kino Tree, Bastard Teak Flowering Period Jan-March
Vernacular /Local Name Panggong Fruiting Period April-June
Altitude Up to 1000 m Fruit Type Pod
Habit Tree Fruit Details An oblong, compressed indehiscent seed 1
Habitat Occurs along the deciduous forests from plains Bark Type Rugged
Distribution India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia (south-east Asia) Bark Details Bark thick, fibrous wounds with gum
Distribution in manipur Eastern Origin Native
    Leaf Type Compound
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Trifoliate
Description of Species It is a medium sized tree, growing from 20 to 4O feet high, and the trunk is usually crooked and twisted with irregular branches and rough, grey bark Leaf Details Leaf compound with 3 leaflets young leaves softer leaf-less while flowering

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details