Manipur Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Manipur (India)
Designed & Developed by Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species:  Bauhinia purpurea L.

Family: Caesalpiniaceae Genus: Bauhinia Species:  Bauhinia purpurea L.






Synonym Bauhinia castrata, Bauhinia rosea Flower Color Blue - Purple
Common Name Rktanchan, Khairwal,Kanchan Flower Type Panicle
English / Trade Name Purple Bauhinia, Orchid Tree, Camel's Foot Tree Flowering Period Oct-Dec
Vernacular /Local Name Chingthrao Angangba Fruiting Period Jan-March
Altitude 500 -2000 m Fruit Type Pod
Habit Tree Fruit Details Fruit brown, strap-shaped not septate, elongated dehiscent, pods, Ca. 15- 30 cm long, up to1.5-2.5 cm wide, containing 10-15- shiny-brown, glabrous, dehiscent, round, flat seeds; twist as opens
Habitat Occours in evergreen lowland rain forest mountain forest and savanna, scrub and dry deciduous forest or swamp forest on various soils Bark Type Smooth
Distribution India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Indonesia, Japan, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Province Of China, Thailand Bark Details The barkiIs pale grey brown, fairly smooth or slightly fissured and scaly
Distribution in manipur Eastern Origin Native
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Alternate (leaves born singly along stem)
    Leaf Shape Bi-lobed
Description of Species Bauhinia purpurea is a small to medium-sized deciduous fast-growing shrub or tree with a round, symmetrical, moderate dense crown to 10 m tall, young branches becoming glabrous or nearly so (glabrescent) Leaf Details Leaves Simple, Alternate, Base Round To Shallow-cordate, Up To12 Cm X 12 Cm, Deeply 2-lobed At Apex Up To 1/3-1/2, Ca. 7-12 Cm Long

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details