Manipur Forest Flora
A Comprehensive Database of Ligneous Plants of Manipur (India)
Designed & Developed by Forest Research Institute, Dehradun

Complete Taxonomic details of Species: Santalum album Linn.

Family: Santalaceae Genus: Santalum Species: Santalum album Linn.






Synonym Sirium myrtifolium L.
Flower Color Red - Pink
Common Name Chandan, Sandal Flower Type Cyme
English / Trade Name White Sandal Tree, Sandalwood, Sandal, Sandal Tree Flowering Period Oct-Dec
Vernacular /Local Name Chandan Fruiting Period Jan-March
Altitude Up to 1000 m Fruit Type Drupe
Habit Tree Fruit Details Fruit 8-12 mm across, globose, blackish-purple, annulate above, beaked with the basal part of the style; seed one.
Habitat Occurs in dry evergreen to dry deciduous forests also cultivated, semi-parasite Bark Type Rugged
Distribution Peninsular India and Malesia Bark Details Bark surface dark grey to nearly black, rough with short vertical cracks
Distribution in manipur Origin Native
    Leaf Type Simple
    Leaf Arrangement Opposite (leaves in pairs along stem)
    Leaf Shape Elliptic
Description of Species Small evergreen tree that grows to 4 m in Australia but in India it is much larger and can grow to a height of 20 m; girth of up to 2.4 m, with slender drooping branchlets, bark is tight, dark brown, reddish, dark grey or nearly black, smooth in young trees, rough with deep vertical cracks in older trees, red inside Leaf Details Leaves simple, opposite, estipulate; petiole 12-18 mm long, slender, glabrous, grooved above; lamina 3.7-12 X 2-4 cm, elliptic, elliptic-ovate or ovate-lanceolate, base acute or round, apex acute

Specimen's Details / Live Plants Details